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Research and Publication Ethics > For Authors and Reviewers > Research and Publication Ethics

The Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing Editorial Board is sensitive to ethical responsibility and expects authors to respect and to be responsive to the rights of the research participants.
The policies on the research and publication ethics of JKGN follow the guidelines set by Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors, the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE, http://publicationethics.org/), Ministry of Education and National Research Foundation of Korea with respect to settlement of any misconduct.

Research Ethics

All manuscripts should be prepared in strict observation of research and publication ethics guidelines recommended by the Council of Science Editors (CSE, http://www.councilscience editors.org/), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE, http://www.icmje.org/), and Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE, http://www.kamje.or.kr/). Any study involving human subjects or human data must be reviewed and approved by a responsible institutional review board (IRB). Please refer to the principles embodied in the Declaration of Helsinki(http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/index.html) for all investigations involving human subjects and materials. Experiments involving animals should be reviewed by an appropriate committee for the care and use of animals. The authors must be able to state that the research involving humans or animals has been approved by a responsible IRB and conducted in accordance with accepted national and international standards.


An author is considered as an individual who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a published study and whose authorship continues to have important academic, social, and financial implications. Researchers should adhere to the authorship criteria of ICMJE, 2019 (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html), which state that “authorship credit should be met on all of the following: 1) substantial contributions to conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; 2) drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; 3) final approval of the version to be published; and 4) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are investigated and resolved appropriately.” All other contributors should be listed in the acknowledgments section. These authorship criteria are intended to reserve the status of authorship for those who deserve credit and can take responsibility for the work. The authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process for other submitters’ manuscripts.

Conflict of Interest

Conflict of interest exists when an author (or the author's institution), reviewer, or editor has financial or personal relationships that inappropriately influence his/her actions (such relationships are also known as dual commitments, competing interests, or competing royalties). All authors should disclose their conflicts of interest, i.e., (1) financial relationships, (2) personal relationship, (3) academic competition, and (4) intellectual passion. These conflicts of interest must be included as a footnote on the title page or in the acknowledgement, section. Each author should certify the disclosure of any conflict of interest with his/her signature.

Publication Ethics

Each manuscript must be accompanied by a statement that it has not been published elsewhere and that it has not been submitted simultaneously for publication elsewhere. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material form other sources and are required to sign an agreement for the transfer of copyright to the publisher. All accepted manuscripts become the property of the publisher. Authors have a due to pay for publication. You may find the following websites to be helpful: http://www.gnursing.or.kr/info/doc.php?tkind=1&lkind=53. For the policies on the research and publication ethics not stated in these instructions, International standards for editors and authors by the Committee on Publication Ethics(COPE)(http://publicationethics.org/international-standards-editors-and-authors) can be applied.

Process to manage the research and publication misconduct

When the Journal faces suspected cases of research and publication misconduct such as a redundant (duplicate) publication, plagiasm, fabricated data, changed in authorship, undisclosed conflicts of interest, an ethical problem discovered with the submitted data, complaints against editors, and other issues, the resolving process will follow the flowchart provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics(https://publicationethics.org/guidance/Flowcharts). The Editorial Board of JKGN will discuss the suspected cases to reach a decision. In no case shall the Editorial Board of JKGN encourage such misconduct, or knowingly allow such misconduct to take place. JKGN will not hesitate to publish errate, corrigenda, clarifications, retractions, and apologies when needed.

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    College of Nursing, 52, Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, 03760 Republic of Korea
    Tel : +82-2-3277-6693   Fax : +82-2-3277-6693   E-mail: editor@jkgn.org
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