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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(2):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Aug;16(2):130-140. Korean.
Published online Aug 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.2.130
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Predictors of Emotional Labor and Job Stress on Burnout of Nurses in Long-term Care Hospitals
Ja-Sook Kim,1Seon Young Jeong,2Su Hyun Kim,1and Ja Ok Kim*3
1Department of Nursing, Dongkang College, Gwangju, Korea.
2Department of Nursing, Namwon Geriatric Hospitals, Namwon, Korea.
3Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health Science University, Iksan, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Kim, Ja Ok. Department of Nursing, Wonkwang Health Science University, 514 lksan Daero, Iksan 570-750, Korea. Tel: +82-63-840-1306, Fax: +82-63-840-1306, Email: jjaoki-93@wu.ac.kr
Received February 06, 2014; Revised March 25, 2014; Accepted May 20, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to identify the predictors of burnout among nurses in long-term care hospitals.


Data were collected from 133 nurses who worked in long-term care hospitals from January 9 to February 8, 2013. The self-report questionnaire was used to assess the level of emotional labor, job stress and burnout. The PASW Statistics 18.0 version program was used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression.


The most significant predictors of burnout were emotional labor, having a hobby, life satisfaction, marital status, job stress, satisfaction with ward work and health condition. These factors explained 57.0% of the variance for burnout.


The study results indicate that it is important to reduce emotional labor, job stress and burnout of nurse in long-term care hospitals. Job redesign, modification of shift work systems, management of health and offering burnout prevention program would help achieve this results.

Keywords: Emotions, Stress, Burnout, Professional, Nurse.


Table 1
General Characteristics (N=133)

Table 2
Degree of Emotional Labor, Job Stress, and Burnout (N=133)

Table 3
Difference in Burnout by General Characteristics (N=133)

Table 4
Correlation among Emotional Labor, Job Stress, and Burnout (N=133)

Table 5
Predictors on Burnout of Participants (N=133)


This study was financially supported by the research fund of Wonkwang Health Science University in 2014.

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