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Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Aug;16(2):95-106. Korean.
Published online Aug 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.2.95
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Predicting Factors for Health related Quality of Life among Older Adults at Senior Centers in Korea
Hye-Ryoung Kim*
Department of Nursing, Institute for Health Science Research, Inje University, Busan, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Kim, Hye-Ryoung. Department of Nursing, Institute for Health Science Research, Inje University, 75 Bokji-ro, Busanjin-gu, Busan 614-735, Korea. Tel: +82-51-890-6835, Fax: +82-51-896-9840, Email: nurhrk@inje.ac.kr
Received June 26, 2013; Revised February 10, 2014; Accepted April 15, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose was to identify factors affecting health related quality of life among older adults in Korea.


Participants were 334 people, 60 or over, and registered at senior centers. Health related quality of life was measured using EuroQol 5-Dimension Questionnaire (EQ-5D).


Order of frequency for EQ-5D was pain/discomfort, mobility, anxiety/depression, usual activity, and self-care. Of the participants, 27.5% reported no problem in any of the dimensions of EQ-5D. Mean score for the EQ-5D was 0.82±0.14, and EQ-VAS (Visual Analog Scale), 60.26±22.28. Socio-demographic factors (age, gender, education, spouse) and health factors (self-rated health status, symptom experience, IADL, depression, waist circumference, and regular exercise) explained 43% of variance in health related quality of life using EQ-5D, whereas they explained 34% variance in health related quality of life using EQ-VAS. Symptom experience was the most significant factor affecting health related quality of life according to EQ-5D, and depression, for health related quality of life according to EQ-VAS.


Finding indicate that to increase elders' health related quality of life as measured by the EQ-5D, staff at senior centers should pay attention to older adults when they have more experiences of symptoms and when they are depressed.

Keywords: Quality of life, Older adults.


Table 1
Descriptions of Socio-demographic and Health related Factors of Participants (N=334)

Table 2
Health related Quality of Life according to EQ-5D Domain (N=334)

Table 3
EQ-5D Profile for the Study Participants (N=334)

Table 4
Health related Quality of Life Using EQ-5D Index and EQ-VAS according to Socio-demographic and Health related Factors (N=334)

Table 5
Hierarchical Multiple Regression Analysis for Factors Affecting Health related Quality of Life Using EQ-5D Index and EQ-VAS


This work was supported by Inje University Research Fund(0001201000500)

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