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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2006;8(1):24-35.
노인의 자아통합감과 영향요인
김희경
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for ego integrity enhancing programs, and to elevate the quality of life in elderly people by examining whether the ego integrity of elderly people was related to factors. Method: Subjects were 104 elderly people, from February 24 to March, 19, 2006. The data was analyzed using Pearson's correlation analysis, stepwise multiple regression and so on.
Results
Gender, education, number of offspring, economic status and the amount of, the perception and the source of the discretionary spending money showed significant differences in ego-integrity levels of elderly people. The correlated factors of ego integrity included perceived well-being (r=.533, p= .000), social activity (r=.307, p=.002), self esteem (r=.502, p=.000), powerlessness (r= -.629, p=.000), social support (r=.461, p= .000), and life satisfaction (r=.730, p=.000). The most powerful predictor of ego integrity was life satisfaction (55.7%). Altogether life satisfaction, powerlessness, number of offspring, social support, and age accounted for 67.3% of the ego integrity.
Conclusions
The results showed that elderly people were influenced by factors of life satisfaction, powerlessness, social support and so on. This study suggests that life satisfaction. powerlessness, and social support should be considered in enhancing the ego integrity programs designed for elderly people.
Key words: 자아통합감, 삶의 만족도, 무력감, 사회적 지지, 노인
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