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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(2):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Aug;16(2):170-179. Korean.
Published online Aug 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.2.170
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Factors Contributing to Sarcopenia among Community-dwelling Older Korean Adults
Hyun Hee Kim,1Jung Soon Kim,*2and Jung Ok Yu3
1Pusan National University Hospital, Busan, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
3Daun Elementary School, Ulsan, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Kim, Jung Soon. College of Nursing, Pusan National University, Beomeo-ri, Mulgeum-eup, Yangsan 626-870, Korea. Tel: +82-51-510-8353, Fax: +82-51-510-8308, Email: tomas@pusan.ac.kr
Received October 24, 2013; Revised March 19, 2014; Accepted July 20, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated factors in Koreans, who were 65 years of age or older.


Data were from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. The appendicular skeletal muscle mass was measured by a dual x-ray absorptiometry in 770 men and 1,000 women. We defined sarcopenia as appendicular skeletal muscle mass/weight*100(%) less than 2 standard deviations below the mean for gender specific young, healthy reference populations. Health and nutritional factors were compared in participants with and without sarcopenia.


The prevalence of sarcopenia was 6.6% for men and 9.4% for women. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that age, cancer, hypertension, and asthma were significantly associated with sarcopenia in men. However, in women, only one factor, current job, was significantly associated with sarcopenia.


Sarcopenia was significantly associated with age, chronic disease, and current job in Korean elders. These results suggest that chronic disease and limited physical activity should be further investigated for their association with sarcopenia.

Keywords: Aged, Sarcopenia.


Table 1
Prevalence of Sarcopenia according to Socio-demographics, Health related Characteristics, and Dietary Habits among Elderly Men (N=770)

Table 2
Prevalence of Sarcopenia according to Socio-demographics, Health related Characteristics, and Dietary Habits among Elderly Women (N=1,000)

Table 3
Factors Contributing to Sarcopenia Elderly Men and Women


This study was supported by the Research Institute of Nursing Science, Pusan National University

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