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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2006;8(2):146-160.
노인의 금연 변화단계별 변화과정, 자아효능감, 흡연 유혹, 의사결정 균형에 관한 연구
김근면
Abstract
Purpose
This study identified the process of change, self efficacy, smoking temptation, decisional balance corresponding to the stage of change based on trans theoretical model in elderly. Method: For the selection of variables, the trans theoretical theory was used. A survey was conducted with 384 elderly smokers resident in one autonomous district. Descriptive analysis, ANOVA and Duncann's multiple comparison test were used.
Result
The results of this study were follows : 1. This subjects were distributed in each stage of change : they were 165 subjects(43%) in the precontemplation stage, 106(27.6%) subjects in contemplation stage, 21 subject(5.5%) in preparation stage, 36 subject(9.4%) in action stage, 56 subject(14.6%) in maintenance stage. 2. Analysis of variance show that the experiential process(F=13.09, P=.00), behavioral process(F=15.65, P=.00), nicotine dependency(F=12.51, P=.00), self-efficacy(F=18.76, P=.00), smoking temptation(F=27.59, P=.00), pros and cons of decisional balance(F=21.49, P=.00, F=18.15,P=.00) were significantly associated with the stage of change.
Conclusion
This study can provide the basis of staged matching smoking cessation program using trans theoretical model for more effective and useful intervention in elderly.
Key words: 노인, 흡연, 금연 변화단계, 범이론적 모델
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