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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(3):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Dec;16(3):189-200. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.3.189
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Development and Validation of a Sexual Attitude Scale for Elderly Korean People
Hyojung Park,*1Sunhwa Shin,2and Hyunsu Cha2
1Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
2Graduate School, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Park, Hyojung. Division of Nursing Science, Ewha Womans University, 52 Ewhayeodae-gil, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-750, Korea. Tel: +82-2-3277-2824, Fax: +82-2-3277-2850, Email: hyojungp@ewha.ac.kr
Received April 23, 2014; Revised July 23, 2014; Accepted August 13, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to develop an instrument to assess sexual attitudes among the elderly Korean population.


The instrument used in the study was based on items derived from a literature review and focus group interviews. In this methodological study the participants were 331 elderly men and women recruited from the community and reliability and validity of the instrument were examined.


Initial items were derived from meaningful statements in the literature review and interviews. Eighteen items were included and four constructs were derived. The constructs were confirmed with 6 items on 'voluntariness', 4 items on 'significance', 5 items on 'intimacy', and 3 items on 'communication'. Overall, 66.71% of the total variance in sexual attitudes of elderly people could be explained by the 4 variables in this model. The concurrent validity was qualified in comparison with the sexual attitude instrument developed by White (1982) (r=-.43, p<.001). The Cronbach's α for this instrument was .93.


The findings of this study indicate that this instrument has satisfactory validity and reliability and it can be used to measure sexual attitudes among elderly people.

Keywords: Aged, Sexuality, Attitude, Instrument.


Figure 1
Proposed Model of the Sexual Attitude Scale for Elderly People for Confirmatory Factor Analysis.


Table 1
Factor Analysis of the 18-Item Sexual Attitude Scale for Elderly People (N=331)

Table 2
Model Fit of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (N=331)

Table 3
Path Coefficient, CR and AVE of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (N=331)

Table 4
Correlation between Relevant Constructs of the SASEP and ASKAS (N=331)


This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (Mest) (2011-0009799).

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