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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2010;12(3):225-236.
노인의 자아통합감과 우울의 주요 예측 변수에 대한 연구
장성옥, 공은숙, 김남초, 김춘길, 김희경, 송미순, 안수연, 이영휘, 조남옥, 조명옥, 최경숙
This study explored major variables predicting achievement of ego-integrity and falling into depression for Korean elders and attributes of the major predicting variables.
Data were collected through questionnaires and interviews on twelve variables that were known as influential variables in the studies on ego-integrity and depression. The participants were 417 elders living in community settings in Korea. To identify the major predictors, the twelve variables were analyzed by logistic regression between two groups; upper 25% group and lower 25% group according to each of the ego-integrity and depression scale and content analysis was done to identify the attributes of the major predictors on ego-integrity and depression.
Major variables predicting ego-integrity were self-esteem (p =.000), spirituality (p = .073), activity as a relative (p =.010) and life satisfaction (p = .000). On the other hand, major predicting variables of depression were activity as a relative (p =.017) and life satisfaction (p = .000). Core attributes of the major variables predicting ego-integrity and depression were self-appraisal of satisfaction with relations with offspring and family, and harmony from generation to generation.
Results of this study indicate that a need to identify major areas for nursing interventions, such as life review therapy, in achieving ego-integrity in Korean society.
Key words: Ego, Depression, Aged
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