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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2011;13(3):204-214.
치매노인 부양자의 부양부담과 생활만족도 예측모형
이영휘, 임지영, 김주연, 조효임, 고국진
A Prediction Model for Caregiver Burden and Life Satisfaction - Caring for a Patient with Dementia -
(Lee, Young Whee · Lim, Ji Young · Kim, Ju Yeun · Cho, Hyo Im · Ko, Gug Jin
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this research was to identify a causal structural model of burden of care and quality of life for caregivers of patients with dementia. The model would provide a theoretical framework for reduction of caregiver burden and increased quality of life.
Methods
This study was designed to construct a model that predicts care burden and life satisfaction of caregivers of elders with dementia. The study was conducted using a convenience sampling method to select 180 family caregivers for people with dementia from 8 daycare centers in Incheon, Korea. Data were collected using questionnaires, and analyzed using descriptive statistics and correlation analysis with the SAS 10.0 program. The Linear Structural Modeling (LISREL) 8.13 program was used to find the best fit model.
Results
The variables predicting caregiver life satisfaction were depression, fatigue, perceived health status and willingness to care. These variables explained 65% of the variance in life satisfaction. The variables predicting caregiver burden were depression, fatigue and functional status of elders. These variables explained 69% of the variance in caregiver burden in this model.
Conclusion
The above results indicate the need to develop intervention programs which will reduce the care burden and promote life satisfaction in caregivers.
Key words: Caregivers, Burden, Satisfaction, Dementia
Key words: 부양자, 부양부담, 생활만족도, 치매
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