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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2012;14(3):242-252.
노인의 만성 통증 적응 유형에 따른 지각된 스트레스, 통증 자기효능 및 우울
차보경
Perceived Stress, Pain Self-efficacy and Depression according to Types of Adjustment to Chronic Pain in Elders
Cha, Bo-Kyoung
Abstract
Purpose
This study was conducted to identify and describe types of adjustment to chronic pain and to evaluate differences in perceived stress, pain self-efficacy, and depression according to types of adjustment to chronic pain in elderly people.
Methods
Data were collected from 138 elders with chronic pain living in community settings. The study was a cross-sectional study and reliability of the instruments was tested with Cronbach's ? coefficients, which ranged from .68 to .94.
Results
The results were, as follows: Of all patients, 24.6% fit the adaptive coping group, 39.9% fit the interpersonally distressed group, and 35.5% fit the dysfunctional group. There were significant differences in perceived stress, pain self-efficacy and depression according to type of adjustment to chronic pain. Elders in the dysfunctional group reported significantly more perceived stress and depression compared to those in the adaptive coping group. The adaptive coping group showed significantly more pain self-efficacy compared to the interpersonally distressed group and the dysfunctional group.
Conclusion
These findings underscore the importance of assessing individual differences to understand how elderly patients adjust to chronic pain. It is also important to consider distinct types of adjustment to chronic pain to tailor interventions to improve treatment outcomes.
Key words: Elderly, Chronic pain, Adjustment
Key words: 노인, 만성 통증, 적응
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