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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2013;15(1):62-74.
치매의 행동심리증상이 요양시설 간호제공자의 부담감에 미치는 영향
송준아·박재원·김효진
Impact of Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia on Caregiver Burden in Nursing Homes
Song, Jun-Ah · Park, Jae Won · Kim, Hyojin
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the impact of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) on the burden of caregivers in nursing homes (NHs).
Methods
The sample consisted of 145 dyads of persons with dementia (PWDs) (mean age=83.34±7.11; women 80.69%) and their caregivers (mean age= 50.69±8.97; women 97.93%) conveniently selected from six NHs (≥50 beds). PWDs were evaluated using the Korean Mini-Mental Status Exam, Physical Activities of Daily Living, and Korean Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory; and their demographic information was obtained by a chart review. Caregivers were asked to complete the Professional Caregiver Burden Scale and a questionnaire asking general characteristics. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlations, t-tests, ANOVAs, and hierarchical multiple regression analyses.
Results
Multiple regression analyses revealed that caregivers’ age (β=-.27, p= .001), PWD’s length of stay in the facility (β=-.23, p= .006) and BPSD (β=.31, p<.001) significantly predicted caregiver burden (F=4.55, p<.001; adjusted R2=.18); and that BPSD was the strongest factor, independently adding 9% to total variance explanation power of the model.
Conclusion
Replication studies using large random sample are necessary to confirm the findings of this study.
Key words: Dementia, BPSD, Nursing home, Caregivers, Burden
Key words: 치매, 행동심리증상, 요양시설, 간호제공자, 부담감
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