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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2013;15(3):257-266.
한국적 익숙함을 이용한 중재 프로그램이 치매노인의 인지기능, 신체기능에 미치는 효과
Effects of Intervention Using Korean Traditional Familiarity on Cognitive and Physical Functions among Persons with Dementia
Park, Young-Sun · Hong, Gwi-Ryung Son
To examine effects of an intervention program using Korean traditional familiarity on cognitive and physical functions among persons with dementia (PWDs) in long-term care facilities.
A nonequivalent control group, pre and post test design was used. Participants were 46 PWDs: 1) over 65 years old, 2) diagnosed with dementia, 3) with no visual or auditory impairments, 4) able to communicate, and 5) who had spent over one month in a nursing facility. Outcome variables included cognition (MMSE-KC), activities of daily living (Barthel Activity of Daily Living Index), and Balance in SPPB (side-by-side, semi-tandem, and tandem). The intervention was conducted twice a week for 10 weeks.
There were no significant differences in demographics or main variables at pretest. After the program, cognitive functions (t=2.47, p = .018), activities of daily living (t=2.89, p = .006), and balance in SPPB, side-by-side (t=2.28, p = .033) and semi-tandem(t=2.38, p = .025) of the experimental group were significantly higher than the control group.
Results indicate that the intervention program using familiarity based on Korean tradition is effective in improving cognition and physical functions of PWDs, and should be considered as a positive program to improve cognitive and physical functions for persons with dementia in long-term care facilities.
Key words: Dementia, Environment, Cognition, Activities of daily living
Key words: 치매, 환경, 인지, 일상생활동작 능력
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