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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(3):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Dec;16(3):231-241. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.3.231
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
Predictive Relationships between Depression and Health Status, Physical Function, and Social Support of Elders in Rural Areas
Jong Im Kim*
Department of Nursing, Jungwon University, Goesan, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Kim, Jong Im. Department of Nursing, Jungwon University, 85 Munmu-ro, Goesan-eup, Goesan 367-805, Korea. Tel: +82-43-830-8841, Fax: +82-43-830-8679, Email: jikim17@jwu.ac.kr
Received May 26, 2014; Revised July 21, 2014; Accepted November 04, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between depression and health status, physical function, and social support of elders in rural areas.


The participants in this study were 146 older people, 65 or older living in agricultural areas. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation and stepwise multiple regression.


Depression was high among the elderly group who had low monthly income, no regular exercise, and poor sleeping patterns. Depression was also high among the elderly group who were forgetful, had no independent IADL, no social or leisure activities, and low social support. The factors influencing depression in the elders were sleeping pattern, forgetfulness, IADL, social gatherings, number of friends, and social support.


Results indicate that depression in elders in rural areas is related to various factors. Therefore various practical approaches are needed as nursing interventions to manage depression in this population. Total professional intervention programs for the elderly are also needed to prevent and for early detection of depression in elders, programs such as community health programs and social and psychological programs designed to enhance the self-esteem of rural elders.

Keywords: Elderly, Depression, Health, Social support.


Table 1
Differences in Depression by Sociodemographic Characteristics and Behavioral Characteristics related to Health (N=146)

Table 2
Differences in Depression by Health Status and Physical Functions (N=146)

Table 3
Differences in Depression by Social Support Networks and Social Support (N=146)

Table 4
Correlations of Health Status, Physical Function, Social Support, and Depression (N=146)

Table 5
Factors Predicting Depression (N=146)

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