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J Korean Gerontol Nurs > Volume 16(3):2014 > Article

Original Article

J Korean Gerontol Nurs. 2014 Dec;16(3):255-265. Korean.
Published online Dec 31, 2014.  http://dx.doi.org/10.17079/jkgn.2014.16.3.255
© 2014 Korean Gerontological Nursing Society
A Study on Knowledge of, Attitudes to Sex and Educational Needs related to Sexuality for Elderly Men and Women in Community
Dae-Sook Kim,1and Gwi-Ryung Son Hong*2
1Department of Medical Welfare, Kyungbok University, Namyangjoo, Korea.
2College of Nursing, Hanyang University, Seoul, Korea.

*Corresponding author: Hong, Gwi-Ryung Son. College of Nursing, Hanyang University, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Korea. Tel: +82-2-2220-0701, Fax: +82-2-2295-2074, Email: grson@hanyang.ac.kr
Received July 31, 2014; Revised October 29, 2014; Accepted November 19, 2014.

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.



The purpose of the study was to examine knowledge about, attitudes to sex, and educational needs of community-dwelling elderly adults, and to compare differences by gender.


A descriptive correlational study design was used. Participants were 202 elderly men and women recruited in 2011. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA with Scheffé test, ANCOVA, and Pearson's correlation.


Knowledge was significant by economic status and sexual activity in men, and sexual activity in women. Attitude was significant by age and perception of own health in men, and age and sexual activity in women. Educational needs were significant by sexual activity in men, and age and sexual activity in women. Significant differences in knowledge (F=8.74, p=.004), attitude (F=18.50, p<.001), and educational needs (F=16.40, p<.001) were found between men and women. There were significant correlations between knowledge and attitude (r=.37, p<.001), and between knowledge and educational needs (r=.24, p=.008) in men, and between knowledge and attitude (r=.42, p<.001), between knowledge and educational needs (r=.29, p=.010), and between attitude and educational needs (r=.45, p<.001) in women.


Gender sensitive sex education and interventional programs should be developed for this population to improve attitudes and increase knowledge regarding sex.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Education, Needs, Sexuality.


Table 1
General Characteristics of Participants (N=202)

Table 2
Knowledge of, Attitudes to Sex, and Educational Needs by General Characteristics in Elderly Men (N=123)

Table 3
Knowledge of, Attitudes to Sex, and Educational Needs by General Characteristics in Elderly Women (N=79)

Table 4
Differences in Knowledge of, Attitudes to Sex, and Educational Needs by General Characteristics between Elderly Men and Women (N=202)

Table 5
Correlations among Knowledge of, Attitudes to Sex, and Educational Needs in Elderly Men and Women (N=202)


This article is a part of the first author's master thesis from Hanyang University.

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