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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2007;9(1):51-59.
시설노인의 자아존중감과 우울
박금자, 이지현, 배경의, 강양희, 송후승
The purpose of this study was to identify levels of self-esteem and depression in the elders who are residents in welfare facilities and to provide basic data for developing nursing intervention programs for these people.
The participants in this study were 192 older people who scored 24 or higher on the K-MMSE (Korean-Mini Mental State Examination), and have lived for three months or more in one of 4 institutions located in B Metropolitan City. The data were collected by structured questionnaire from August 1 to 20 2006 and frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used to analyze the data with the SPSS/12.0 program.
1. The score for self-esteem of the participants was 33.70± 7.20 (tool range: 10-50), and for depression, 6.57±3.98 (tool range: 0-15). 2. There was a slightly negative correlation between self-esteem and depression (r=-.388, p=.000). 3. There were significant differences in self-esteem according to education level (F=4.486, p=.012), and level of intention to be admitted to facility (F=7.504, p=.000). 4. There was significant difference in depression according to education level (F=3.832, p=.023), type of religion (F=3.837, p= .005), level of intention to be admitted to facility (F=7.987, p=.000).
This study might help in developing nursing intervention programs to improve self-esteem and reduce depression these elders.
Key words: 시설노인, 자아존중감, 우울
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