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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2011;13(2):154-162.
일 보건진료소 관할 지역 노인의 건강 관련 특성, 우울, 사회적 지지가 인지기능에 미치는 영향
주애란, 김혜원
Effects of Health-related Characteristics, Social Support, and Depression on Cognitive Function in Elders Resident in Community Health Post Areas
Joo, Aeran · Kim, Hea Woun
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of health-related characteristics, social support, and depression on the cognitive function of elders who live in areas served by community health posts.
Methods
The participants were 277 elders selected from M county by convenience sampling. The data were collected from May 20 to July 10, 2009, and analyzed using frequencies, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 17.0.
Results
The mean score for cognitive function of the participants was 18.8. Both cognitive function and health-related characteristics showed significant differences according to perceived health status. Cognitive function had a significantly negative correlation with depression. Depression had a significantly negative correlation with social support. Cognitive function had a significantly positive correlation with social support. The factors influencing cognitive function of elders were perceived health status, social support, and depression.
Conclusions
The results of this study suggest that programs be developed to increase perceived health status, social support and to decrease depression for elderly people.
Key words: Health, Cognition, Depression, Social support, Aged
Key words: 건강, 인지, 우울, 사회적 지지
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