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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2012;14(2):110-117.
실험군과 비교군 간의 연구참여 탈락자의 특성비교
이해정·김성민·임연정·안종준·김윤성·박혜경
Comparison of Characteristics of Drop-outs from Study Participation between Intervention and Comparison Groups
Lee, Haejung · Kim, Sungmin · Lim, Yeonjung · Ahn, Jong-Joon · Kim, Yunseong · Park, Hye-Kyung
Abstract
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to drop-outs from study participation, comparing intervention and comparison groups.
Methods
The study was a descriptive study using the pretest data of an intervention study. Patients diagnosed with COPD(N=254) were included in the study. Characteristics and levels of depression, self-efficacy, and health related quality of life were compared between participant and drop-out groups using descriptive statistics, x2-test, and t-test.
Results
For drop-outs in the intervention group, patients with high BODE(body-mass, airflow obstruction, functional dyspnea, and exercise capacity) Index, low body mass index, high perceived dyspnea, and poor health related quality of life in the activity domain tended to drop-out from the studies. Drop-outs from the control group were older patients and patients with shorter distance for 6 minutes of walking.
Conclusion
The results of this study show that patients with poorer functional levels, especially in physical functioning, are more likely to drop-out from studies. These results indicate that, considering the poorer quality of life in patients with worse health conditions, there is a need for special attention and innovative strategies to assure patients with severe physical conditions are able to complete the interventions.
Key words: COPD, Patient dropouts
Key words: 만성폐쇄성폐질환, 대상자 탈락
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