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Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing 2013;15(3):218-226.
노인요양병원 간호사의 소진탄력성, 자아존중감과 이직의도
김현주·이해랑·최순옥
Resilience to Burnout, Self-esteem and Turnover Intention of Nurses in Long-term Care Hospitals
Kim, Hyun Ju · Lee, Hae Rang · Choi, Soon Ock
Abstract
Purpose
This study was conducted to identify levels for resilience to burnout, self-esteem, and turnover intention of nurses in long-term care hospitals, and the relationships among these variables.
Methods
Data were collected through structured questionnaires from 246 nurses who were working in long-term care hospitals in the cities of Busan and Ulsan. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffe? test, and Pearson correlation coefficients with the SPSS/WIN 20.0 program.
Results
The overall mean score for resilience to burnout was 3.60. The lowest item in resilience to burnout was 'support by their agency (3.35)', and the highest was 'individual resources (3.85)'. The mean score for self-esteem was 3.76 and for turnover intention, 3.26. Scores for all variables were above the mean. Age, status of professionalism in the workplace, and job satisfaction were significantly correlated with resilience to burnout, self-esteem and turnover intention. There was a significant positive correlation between nurse's resilience to burnout and self-esteem, but negative correlations between resilience to burnout and turnover intention, and self-esteem and turnover intention.
Conclusion
These results suggest a need for program development which advances nurse's resilience to burnout and self-esteem, and reduces turnover intention in long-term care hospitals.
Key words: Burnout, Resilience, Self concept, Personnel turnover, Nurses
Key words: 소진, 탄력성, 자아존중감, 이직, 간호사
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